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Ciabatta loaf, half sliced with olive oil and knife

How to make Italian bread


Learn how to make Italian bread with advice and handy tips from Matt Jones, co-founder of Borough Market’s Bread Ahead Bakery and Baking School.

Home-baked Italian breads make great sandwiches for a gourmet lunchbox or picnic and will impress dinner guests served alongside a lovingly prepared Italian meal. We asked Matt Jones, of the Bread Ahead Bakery and Baking School, how to ensure the best results.


1. Strong flour

Flour and wooden spoon on black surface

You’ll need a strong flour that’s high in gluten. We get ours from Marriage’s Milliers, but any high-gluten or ‘00’ flour would work well. The strength of the gluten is required to form the lovely big air bubbles in the bread – it’s essential for the dough to develop properly.

2. Good scales

Black kitchen scales

Accurate digital scales are tremendously important for home baking. You have to look at it as a scientific experiment: the basic recipe must be right and the ratios must be correct – you can’t leave anything to the imagination.

3. Yeast

Yeast in a silver measuring spoon

Dried yeast does the trick, but fresh is more reactive, so try to track it down if you can. The bakery counter in your supermarket might be able to help. Alternatively, it’s readily available online.

4. Extra virgin olive oil

Olive oil poured from bottle into a bowl

Italian flavours are all about simple, delicious ingredients. It’s worth spending a little more on a decent extra virgin olive oil, especially if you’re using it as a dip for cooked bread or for focaccia, which is topped with olive oil. The best Italian extra virgin olive oil you can buy from a supermarket is fine.

5. Dough scraper

Italian bread doughs can be wet and sticky to work with, so a cheap plastic dough scraper is invaluable. I like the bendable ones with curved edges, as they work into the rounded sides of a bowl.

Italian bread-making is just one of the many skills you can learn at the Bread Ahead Baking School.

Bread dough with baker sprinkling flour over it

Now try making these Italian bread recipes...

Ciabatta loaf
Red onion & rosemary focaccia
Focaccia with pesto & mozzarella
Pizza Margherita in 4 easy steps
Caramelised onion focaccia
Artichoke focaccia

Enjoyed this? Check out other bread guides...

How to make bread
6 steps to brilliant bread
Bread basics and beyond
Easiest ever no-knead bread
All you need to know about bread


Know any other tips and tricks for making great Italian bread? Share your advice in the comments below...

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