Cycling, whether at an elite level or as someone who uses the bike for fitness, is hugely demanding on your body. It's an intense workout that requires proper fuel both before, during and after your ride. Read on to find out how to make sure you're choosing the best foods for performance and recovery.


Next, read what to eat after a run and a swim, as well as how to stay hydrated and how much protein you need to build muscle.

Older couple after a cycle

When should I eat after cycling to maximise recovery?

The sooner you eat, the better. It should ideally be within 30 minutes to an hour of your cycle. This is because your body is at its most receptive during this time and needs nutrients to kick start the growth and repair process following training.

What should I eat after cycling to maximise recovery?

What you choose will depend on the time of day but it should include a combination of lean protein and carbs.

These are some of our favourite post-cycle options:
Breakfast bagel club
Spicy chicken avocado wraps
Vegan spicy avocado wraps

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Is protein or carbohydrate more important for recovery?

Both are critical for proper recovery after any exercise. Carbs are the body’s main fuel and are stored as glycogen in the muscles and liver. After exercise, your stores will be depleted and will need to be replenished before your next workout session.

Hard training causes the breakdown of muscle tissue, which is made from protein. Taking protein on board after exercise provides the building blocks (amino acids) needed to stimulate growth and repair, and the extra protein may reduce muscle soreness the next day, too.

20g of protein is the magic number to optimise the recovery process after a heavy training session. The following are useful options that contain both carbohydrate and protein. However, you may need to increase your portion size:

Lime & pepper chicken wraps
Turkish egg flatbreads
Ultimate falafel wraps

Ultimate falafel wrap with chilli sauce

I’m watching my weight, how do I balance eating for recovery with continued weight loss? And how much should I eat?

It is possible to properly recover after exercise while encouraging healthy weight loss – it's just about getting the balance right.

Although most of what we've covered includes carbs, it's important to adjust your daily intake depending on the intensity and duration of your training. This means enjoying a higher intake of carbs on big training days and reducing your intake on low training or rest days.

When managing your weight, try to get most of your carbs from low-GI foods at mealtimes, rather than lots of higher-GI snacks. Low-GI foods will help curb your appetite because they keep you feeling fuller for longer.

Where possible, eat meals as part of your recovery plan instead of adding extra recovery snacks. This may take a little planning so that you coincide your rides with your mealtimes but it’ll be worth it as you reach your weight loss goals.

Here are some higher protein options for recovery meals:
Griddled chicken with quinoa Greek salad
Fruity lamb tagine
Turkey burgers with beetroot relish

How many calories you need to lose weight is unique to you and depends on your age, gender, physical build and activity levels.

Can protein bars and shakes form part of my recovery strategy?

Protein bars and shakes are often used for convenience but be aware that their nutritional profile will vary greatly depending on the ingredients used. For this reason, it's important to check labels carefully to ensure the product meets your personal requirements. Although these products may play a part in recovery, it's best not to rely on them and instead use them when time and location limit your access to more nourishing options. Read our review of the best protein bars and powders.

What are the key components of a post-race recovery plan?

When you think recovery, think of ‘The Four Rs’:

Refuel - Have a carb-rich snack followed by a meal as soon after the race as possible.
Rehydrate - Replace fluid losses by drinking at regular intervals post-race.
Repair - Include a serving of protein (see above) with your recovery meal.
Rest - Get a good night's sleep – this is when most of your muscle repair will occur.

Now you know what to eat after your cycle, get the rest of your training nutrition right:

What to eat before your cycle
What to eat during your cycle
What to eat before your swim
What to eat during your swim
What to eat before your run
What to eat during your run

Now you know what to eat after your cycle, get the rest of your training nutrition right:

Are you training for an event this year or getting to grips with a new sport? Share your tips and experiences below.

This article was reviewed on 5 December 2023 by Kerry Torrens.

As a sport and exercise nutritionist, James Collins regularly provides comment and consultation within the media and maintains a role of governance within health & nutrition in the UK, where he sits on The Royal Society of Medicine's (RSM) 'Food and Health' Council. He was heavily involved in advising Team GB in the run up to the London 2012 Olympic games, and now towards Rio 2016.


All health content on is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other health care professional. If you have any concerns about your general health, you should contact your local health care provider. See our website terms and conditions for more information.

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