• 1 lime
  • 12 medium-sized scotch bonnet chillies (to make it super-hot, use up to 20), stem removed, roughly chopped (wear disposable gloves)
  • 1 tbsp chopped coriander leaves
  • 1 ½ garlic bulb, cloves peeled
  • 150ml white wine vinegar
  • 1.5 heaped tbsp golden caster sugar
  • 1 tbsp American mustard
  • 1 thumb-sized piece ginger, peeled and roughly chopped
  • ½ unripe papaya (green and firm to the touch), peeled, deseeded and roughly chopped


  • STEP 1

    Put the lime in a small pan and cover with cold salted water. Bring to the boil and cook for 10–15 mins until soft and tender. Remove from the water and set aside to cool.

  • STEP 2

    Meanwhile, put all the other ingredients in a blender and blend until smooth.

  • STEP 3

    Finely chop the lime (keeping the peel on), discarding any seeds, then stir into the other ingredients.

  • STEP 4

    Decant the sauce into a cooled, sterilised jar or bottle (see tip), pop the lid on and leave for the flavour to develop for 2 days.

  • STEP 5

    Season to taste with sea salt and freshly ground pepper (it will take a lot of salt!) and give the bottle a good shake to distribute the seasoning. Can be stored in the fridge for up to 6 months (don’t worry about any discolouration over time).


Heat oven to 160C/140C fan/gas 3. Wash your jars and the lids in hot soapy water, but do not dry them. Instead, leave them to stand upside down on a baking tray while still wet. Pop the tray of jars and lids in the oven for about 15 mins. If using Kilner jars, boil the rubber seals, as dry heat damages them. 


Among the hottest on the Scoville scale (a measurement of the level of capsaicin in chilli peppers). As well as heat, they also add a slight sweetness. Ripe chillies range in colour from green to yellow, orange or red.

Goes well with


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