The health benefits of... spinach

  • By
    Jo Lewin - Nutritional therapist

The benefits and the myths behind Popeye's veg of choice...

Bowl of spinach

Spinach is believed to be of Persian origin. By the 12th century, it spread across Europe and became a desirable leafy green known for good health; a reputation that stands firm to this day. The name Florentine is often used to describe dishes containing spinach (and a creamy sauce). It is thought that this name dates back to the 16th century and the Italian wife of France's Henry II; Catherine de Medici. The unverified tale states that Catherine introduced spinach to the Court of France and to honour her Italian heritage, she then decided to call any dish containing spinach Florentine.

Spinach belongs to the chenopodiaceae family (also known as goosefoot), a family of nutritional powerhouses including beets, chard and quinoa. It shares a similar taste profile with these two other vegetables; the bitterness of beet greens and the slightly salty flavour of chard. There are three different types of spinach generally available: savoy, semi-savoy and smooth leaf.

...The popeye effect
There is much lore regarding spinach, most famously as the source of Popeye's strength. When faced with the sight of trouble, pipe-smoking sailor-man Popeye would burst open a tin of spinach. Once consumed, his biceps would bulge and his new found strength would see him overcome his enemies. Although there is definitely lots of goodness in those leaves, the legendary statue Popeye bestowed on it is slightly inflated.
 

Chickpeas with tomato & spinachNutritional highlights

Spinach is available all year round but is in season during the spring (March - June). It is well known for its nutritional qualities and has always been regarded as a plant with remarkable abilities to restore energy, increase vitality and improve the quality of the blood. There are sound reasons why spinach would produce such results, primarily the fact that it is rich in iron. Iron plays a central role in the function of red blood cells which help in transporting oxygen around the body, in energy production and DNA synthesis. Spinach is also an excellent source of vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin C and folic acid as well as being a good source of manganese, magnesium, iron and vitamin B2. Vitamin K is important for maintaining bone health and it is difficult to find vegetables richer in vitamin K than spinach. Others include kale, broccoli and green cabbage.

 

A 100g serving provides:
 
23 calories3g protein0g fat4g carbohydrates2g fibre


Tip...
...Don't be shy with your portions when cooking spinach. Its high water content means it reduces in size by about a quarter when cooked.

 

Spinach lasagneResearch

The dark green colour of spinach leaves indicates they contain high levels of chlorophyll and health promoting carotenoids (beta carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin). These phyto chemicals have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous properties and are especially important for healthy eye-sight, helping to prevent macular degeneration and cataracts.

Spinach has good levels of iron, but not quite as much as originally believed as rumour has it researchers placed the decimal point in the wrong place! It is important to note that there are two forms of dietary iron: 'haem' iron and 'non haem' iron. Haem iron is found in animal products and is the most efficiently absorbed form of iron. Non haem iron is found in plant foods (such as spinach) and is a little harder for the body to absorb in comparison. However vegetarians, those who experience iron-deficiency aneamia and those who are pregnant are encouraged to include green leafy vegetables such as spinach as part of a balanced diet.
 

How to select and storeSpinach salad

Fresh spinach should be medium to dark green, fresh-looking and free from evidence of decay. It should be stored loosely packed in a sealed plastic bag in the fridge where it will keep for about four days. Do not wash spinach before storing, as the moisture will cause it to spoil, although do ensure it is washed properly before consumption as the leaves and stems may collect soil and chemicals. Raw spinach has a milder taste that some describe as metallic once cooked. If cooking, opt for steaming, sautéeing or microwaving spinach rather than boiling to preserve the nutrients.

Tip...

Frozen baby leaf spinach can be bought and stored. It comes in individual blocks, a handy and tasty alternative to frozen peas.


Safety

Spinach contains a high amount of oxalate. Individuals with a history of oxalate containing kidney stones should avoid over consumption. A low oxalate diet is usually defined as containing less than 50 milligrams of oxalate per day. Spinach has more than 50 milligrams so is best avoided.

Spinach also contains high levels of oxalic acid, which in excess can inhibit the absorption of other important nutrients such as calcium. Lightly cooking spinach is thought to reduce the oxalic acid content.


Recipe suggestions

Due to its excellent taste and nutritional value, spinach is a popular leaf all over the world.

Spinach adores being paired with nutmeg...Chickpea, tomato & spinach curry
Creamed spinach
Buttered spinach with feta

...is best friends with garlic:
Aubergines filled with spinach & mushrooms
Speedy soy spinach

...and really is most versatile with dairy, fish and meat
Spinach & feta-stuffed chicken
Parmesan spring chicken
Smoked mackerel risotto

Simply steam or add to salads and soups:
Zingy courgette & spinach salad
Creamy lentil & spinach soup with bacon
Warm cauliflower salad

Quick & easy super spinach suppers:
Salmon & spinach with tartare cream
Stir-fry prawns with peppers & spinach
Chickpea, tomato & spinach curry
Haddock & spinach cheese melt

And not forgetting lots of pasta dishes!
Bacon, spinach & gorgonzola pasta
Pasta with chilli tomatoes & spinach
Gnocchi with roasted squash & goat's cheese

Want more? Take inspiration from our latest spinach recipes

 

Jo Lewin holds a degree in nutritional therapy and works as a community health nutritionist and private consultant. She is an accredited member of BANT, covered by the association's code of ethics and practice.

All health content on bbcgoodfood.com is provided for general information only, and should not be treated as a substitute for the medical advice of your own doctor or any other health care professional. If you have any concerns about your general health, you should contact  your local health care provider. See our website terms and conditions for more information.

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sharonmia's picture

How should you use frozen spinach?When a recipe ask's for spinach is it ok to use frozen?
Thanks

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