Top 10 dishes to try in Greece

Steeped in history and lapped by the Mediterranean sea, Greece is home to some of the finest ingredients in the world. Sample them in a traditional Greek dish along with a glass of ouzo.

View of the sea with villas

Greece has long been a family holiday favourite with its beautiful blue waters, child-friendly beaches and an abundance of delicious food made with fresh ingredients. Make sure you sample all the country has to offer with our pick of traditional dishes…

Don’t leave Greece without trying…

1. Taramasalata

Taramasalata in dish with pitta bread and olives
A mainstay of any Greek meal are classic dips such as tzatziki (yogurt, cucumber and garlic), melitzanosalata (aubergine), and fava (creamy split pea purée). But the delectable taramasalata (fish roe dip) is a must. This creamy blend of pink or white fish roe, with either a potato or bread base, is best with a drizzle of virgin olive oil or a squeeze of lemon.

Try our spin on this classic Greek dip – smoked salmon taramasalata

2. Olives and olive oil

Olive in bowl with bread
Greeks have been cultivating olives for millennia – some even say that Athena gave an olive tree to the city of Athens, thus winning its favour. Greek meals are accompanied by local olives, some cured in a hearty sea salt brine, others like wrinkly throubes, eaten uncured from the tree. Similarly, olive oil, the elixir of Greece, is used liberally in cooking and salads, and drizzled over most dips and dishes. Many tavernas use their own oil.  

Try making your own rosemary-flavoured olives and put that jar to good use with our top 10 ideas for using up olives

3. Dolmades 

Each region in Greece – in fact, each household – has its variation on dolmades, whether it's the classic vine leaf parcel, or hollowed out vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers and courgettes, stuffed and baked in the oven. The stuffing often consists of minced meat with long-grain rice, or vegetarian versions boast rice flavoured with heady combinations of herbs like thyme, dill, fennel and oregano. Pine nuts can also be used.

4. Moussaka 

Aubergine moussaka with cheese in dish
Variations on moussaka are found throughout the Mediterranean and the Balkans, but the iconic Greek oven-bake is based on layers of sautéed aubergine, minced lamb, fried puréed tomato, onion, garlic and spices like cinnamon and allspice, a bit of potato, then a final fluffy topping of béchamel sauce and cheese.

Try our easy must-make moussaka for a simple version of the classic Greek dish. 

5. Grilled meat 

Lamb skewers with wrap and vegetables
Greeks are master of charcoal-grilled and spit-roasted meats. Souvlaki, chunks of skewered pork, is still Greece’s favourite fast food, served on chopped tomatoes and onions in pitta bread with lashings of tzatziki. Gyros, too, is popular served in the same way. At the taverna, local free-range lamb and pork dominate, though kid goat is also a favourite.

Sample it at home with our recipe for lamb grilled skewers

6. Fresh fish

Whole roast fish in dish
Settle down at a seaside taverna and eat as locals have since ancient times. Fish and calamari fresh from the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas are incredibly tasty and cooked with minimum fuss – grilled whole and drizzled with ladholemono (a lemon and oil dressing). Flavoursome smaller fish such as barbouni (red mullet) and marida (whitebait) are ideal lightly fried.

Try making your own seared mullet or simmered squid

7. Courgette balls (kolokythokeftedes)

Courgette fritter with sauce on plate
Sometimes a patty, sometimes a lightly fried ball, be sure to try these starters any chance you get. The fritter is usually made from grated or puréed courgette blended with dill, mint, or other top-secret spice combinations. Paired with tzatziki, for its cooling freshness, you just can’t lose.

Try our courgette fritters with tarragon aioli or spiced pea & courgette fritters with a minty yogurt dip.

8. Octopus

Along harbours, octopuses are hung out to dry like washing – one of the iconic images of Greece. Grilled or marinated, they make a fine meze (appetiser), or main course stewed in wine.

9. Feta & cheeses

Feta in Greek salad with souvlaki
When in Greece, fresh cheese is a joy. Ask behind market counters for creamy and delicious feta kept in big barrels of brine (nothing like the type that comes in plastic tubs in markets outside of Greece). Or, sample graviera, a hard golden-white cheese, perfect eaten cubed, or fried as saganaki. At bakeries you’ll find tyropita (cheese pie) while at tavernas, try salads like Cretan dakos, topped with a crumbling of mizithra, a soft, white cheese.

Try feta in traditional Greek spanakopita or a fresh and colourful Greek salad

10. Honey & baklava 

Baklava pieces on board
Greeks love their sweets, which are often based on olive oil and honey combinations encased in flaky filo pastry. The classic baklava involves honey, filo and ground nuts. Or try galatoboureko, a sinful custard-filled pastry. A more simple sweet is local thyme honey drizzled over fresh, thick Greek yogurt.

Make our nutty baklava for an irresistible syrupy sweet treat. 

Fancy a spot of island-hopping? Read our guides to Crete and the Ionian Islands, and visit our travel section for more on the Mediterranean. 

Are you a fan of Greek cuisine? Do you agree with our selection or have we missed your favourite? Leave a comment below…

Comments, questions and tips

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28th Feb, 2014
....And don't leave Greece without trying wild greens, cooked vegetables, yogurt and spoon sweets.
26th Feb, 2014
yes having lived in Greece for over 30 years and married to a greek fisherman, I wholeheartedly agree with chara that lamb isn't eaten as often as you would imagine, mainly at easter done whole on a spit over a pit filled with charcoal..delicious! {souvla}, my favourite recipes are cuttlefish with spinach, fried squid rings {calamari} marinated anchovies and 'briam' a mixture of med vegetables roasted in the oven in a tomato sauce...lovely with side dish of feta sprinkled with fresh oregano and olive oil...mmm!!!
10th Feb, 2014
Having spent many years in Greece, I find your suggestions excellent and very indicative. Only one thought. Yes Greeks eat lamb but trust me not as much as it is being suggested in cooking sites here in Britain. They equally use beef and pork. This "lamb and Greece" connection would be a surprise for many Greeks, honestly. :)
John Lewis
10th Aug, 2016
Greeks used to eat a lot more lamb and veal. When Greece entered the EU, the meat exporting countries to the North actively pushed for a change in dietary habits so as to offload their excess capacity. Lamb, kid and veal are expensive now for Greeks. So recipes are adapted using pork, beef and chicken.
30th Jan, 2014
You cannot visit Greece without trying Lamb Kleftiko! It is one of the most delicious lamb dishes you will ever try! Chunks of lamb on the bone slow cooked in a paper parcel for hours with potatoes, garlic, olive oil, lemon, herbs and feta/ other Greek cheese! You just can't beat it for flavour.
18th Jul, 2014
That is my favourite too, but I can't leave Greece without eating a few beautiful fresh Greek salads and a bowl of Greek yogurt and honey with a sprinkling of nuts!
2nd Jul, 2014
lamb kleftiko is traditional cypriot dish,as cypriots eat a lot of lamb.
John Lewis
10th Aug, 2016
Ofton Kleftikon is a signature Cypriot dish but the Kleftiko style of cooking ( so the story goes ) originates from the war of independence in mainland Greece where the revolting Greeks ( many of whom were Klefts or Armatoli ) took to encasing their food while cooking it so the Ottoman army could not find them hiding in the hills.


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